Essentially, the transfer is a term that refers to any piece of business that is done between people. Traditionally, a completed agreement between a buyer and a seller to exchange goods & services, financial assets, or any commodity in return for some money is categorised under transactions. The main component for any transaction includes two parties to be present.
In the digital world, transactions can broadly take place over the internet or automated systems. Fundamentally, cryptocurrencies are flagships of digital transactions.
In simple terms, cryptocurrencies are digital payment systems that do not rely on central authority figures like banks or financial institutions to verify transactions. Instead, cryptocurrency is a decentralised network, peer-to-peer payment model that depends on the agreement between two parties to conduct a successful transaction.
Since two parties are not physically present during the transaction, a form of coin or token system is used to conduct any exchange.
Let us understand the world of crypto transactions in a little more depth.
How Do Crypto Transactions Work?
In cryptocurrency, exchanges between two parties use a technology called Blockchain. To be precise, it is a method of recording information online that makes it impossible to change, penetrate or cheat.
Cryptocurrency uses blocks to store transaction details and proceeds in steps to complete a transaction.
Take a quick look below:
Stage 1 - Wallets
Let’s take the example of two people, A and B. Person A and Person B, want to carry out a crypto transaction. To send B the specific amount and initiate the transaction, A and B need to set up their wallets.
By definition, a Wallet is a type of digital storage facility where users can send and receive their cryptocurrencies. This is similar to a physical wallet. However, digital wallets store cryptographic information instead of keeping paper currency to access the Bitcoin address and complete transactions.
Wallets interact with the blockchain, which contains a set of encrypted keys corresponding to a wallet holder’s blockchain address book. These keys are used to login into transactions effectively where users can have control of their cryptocurrency like Bitcoin, Litecoin, Modicoin, Ethereum. These wallets are safe from penetration. Additionally, if a hacker steals a wallet’s private key, the currency holders can move their coins to their own wallet.
There are several disconnected and online wallets such as desktop wallets, web wallets, mobile wallets, and hardware wallets that incorporate work area applications, versatile applications, equipment wallets (looking like USB gadgets), and even paper wallets.
Stage 2 - Wallet Address
Individual A gets to their wallet and sets up another exchange. Here, they should indicate the amount that needs to be sent and shipped off, just as B’s public address.
A public address is a combination of alphabets and digits string that helps distinguish the wallet from other users’ wallets. In this way, A needs to specify where the transaction is destined for. In other words, just like when someone wishes to send their intended party a specific amount, the bank will give you transaction details.
Ultimately, Person A approves the exchange by contributing their one kind private key that should never be shared with anyone.
Stage 3 - Verification (Mining)
Once A has approved the transfer, both parties must wait until the transaction is verified. Depending on the cryptocurrency, verification can take minutes to hours (in the worst-case scenario). For example, bitcoin and Ripple transactions are quicker than Bitcoin due to the security layers.
First off, the transaction details are sent into the blockchain, where a random group of networks are responsible for deciphering the 16 digit encryption code assigned to the hash containing transaction details. These people are called Miners, and the process of verifying the transaction is called Crypto Mining.
Stage 4 - Post Verification
When miners verify the details of the transaction provided are correct, it is added to the latest block of the blockchain usually. This takes less than 10 minutes, depending on the number of miners available and difficulty breaking down the hash code.
As we have already indicated, some network currencies are faster than others. Typically, 10 minutes is nothing compared to traditional means of bank money transfers.
Stage 5 - Exchange Closing
Finally, the block is added to the blockchain, and whoever has a copy of it can get the updated version of new blocks so that no one in the blockchain can cheat on the technology and double-invest the same amount again.
As complicated as it might appear, crypt transactions are quite simple to understand. Although it may take individuals to get the hang of it slowly, the process becomes smoother.
We hope the information provided above will help you get started with your first crypto transaction flawlessly.